In 2020, the carnival was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Most of the people in the carriages, generally less rude than the Waggis, are dressed as old ladies and referred to as the Alti Tante (meaning "old aunt"), giving them a near-royal feeling. 'Carnival of Basel' is stilted English. Before Fasnacht starts, various events (Vorfasnachtsveranstaltungen) take place. The first documented mention of Carnival in Basel occurred back in 1376 when a joust was organised by the Duke of Austria, on Shrove Tuesday. The Basler Fasnacht starts on the Monday after Ash Wednesday at precisely 4:00 am with the so-called Morgestraich (see below). The Waggis are an affectionate spoof on the Alsatian farmers who, in the distant past, regularly rolled up to Basel markets to sell produce. The Carnival of Basel The Basler Fasnacht (Carnival of Basel) is the oldest Pentecostal festival held in the world. The Fasnacht carnival in Basel is the only protestant carnival in the world and has been around since the 14th century. According to some local historians, the throwing of confetti is a typical tradition from Basel that later spread to the rest of the world. There are no documents from this era supporting this theory, and the resolutions from 1529 were not quoted until 200 years later. This is not a complete list, rather an overview of the larger or more significant events. The Basler Fasnacht starts on the Monday after Ash Wednesday at precisely 4:00 am with the so-called Morgestraich ().The carnival lasts for exactly 72 hours and, therefore, ends on Thursday morning at 4:00 am. Basel Carnival is the most popular and largest festival in Switzerland. It is an unwritten law that masked and/or costumed participants are not subject to confetti attacks. Therefore, the 2002 Fasnacht lasted one minute longer than usual. Their arrival is accompanied by the pipers (still without costumes or masks), while the drummers leave their drums at home. The Fasnacht Carnival is the largest of its kind in Switzerland where the streets and alleys of Basel become a kaleidoscope of colour, music and celebration. Today, the Carnival of Basel is said to be "the only Protestant carnival in the world". The lantern farewell (Ladärne Verabschiide) is performed by the Cliques on the final evening of the Fasnacht, normally starting at 4:00 am on Thursday but sometimes earlier. See more ideas about Basel, Neuchatel, Carnival. In 1996 the house received its present name “Museum der Kulturen Basel”. In the years after the Second World War, many new cliques were established, the quality of piping and drumming rose to new levels, while the costumes and head-masks (Larve) took on their typical Basel touch. Contact your company to license this image. The approximately 18,000 active Fasnächtler dress up in a wide variety of costumes, including a mask known as a Larve. The traditional Cliques, which march while playing piccolos and Basler snare drums, retreat to the side streets. A high point is always at the ‘morgestraich,’ in … Some Guggemusik groups are also invited to play in cafés and restaurants to serenade the guests. The Fasnacht Committee, founded in 1910, consists of ten to fifteen honorary members and is responsible for the organization of the “three best days of the year”. No Guggenmusik is played during Morgestraich. The saying goes: "He who doesn't have a badge harms the Fasnacht.". All lanterns are on display from Monday evening until Wednesday morning on the Münsterplatz (the square in front of the Basel Münster) and are lit in the evenings. These Sujets can be seen on lanterns during Morgenstreich and in the costumes worn by Clique members during the Cortège. It is not expected that the children, especially the youngest, will wear the heavy traditional masks. {{purchaseLicenseLabel}} {{restrictedAssetLabel}} {{buyOptionLabel(option)}} You have view only access under this Premium Access agreement. The only light remaining comes from the lanterns of the Cliques. The first officially permitted Morgenstreich was held in 1835. The parades taking place on Monday and Wednesday afternoon are called Cortège and follow two defined ring routes: the inner ring runs clockwise, and the outer ring runs counterclockwise. The first one, ending on Ash Wednesday, was known as the Herren- or Pfaffenfasnacht (lords' or priests' carnival) and was observed by those members of the higher echelons of society. After this practice was prohibited in the 19th century, small shards of paper were used as a replacement. Members of the various Cliques wear costumes that fit a specific theme, except during Morgestreich and on Fasnacht Tuesday. When, during the age of Reformation, merrymaking and feasting were increasingly restricted, even banned at times, the Basel Fasnacht gradually developed into a display of resistance against the city’s authorities. Similar to the Waage are the smaller carriages (Chaise / Schäse) with only 2–4 people giving away treats. Drum History; Drum Facts; Drum Manufacture; Drums on Carnival of Basel The rest of the year you can get a flavour of the “three best days”, as locals call them, along a special itinerary created by Basel Tourism. More than that it’s a family affair where tradition collides with modern affairs in what is a fascinating spectacle to observe. Later it was also influenced by such events as medieval jousts, military musters organized by the city’s guilds, and religious festivals before Lent. 24th February, 2015. The Waggis, a traditional carnival costume in Basel The Carnival of Basel (German: Basler Fasnacht) is the biggest carnival in Switzerland and takes place annually between February and March in Basel. The first large procession lantern was documented in 1860. During the Cortège, there are many trucks or tractors with decorated trailers. The Waggis also shower bystanders with copious amounts of confetti. Another is that it is the world’s only Protestant carnival! These Sujets are usually related to recent events and are highly satirical. The festival opens at 4 am in a grand ceremony called Morgenstraich (meaning in English, Morning Prank) and continues for 3 days. The lantern exhibition is referred to as the largest open-air art exhibition of the world. A brief history The origins of Basel's Fasnacht are rather obscure, partly because of the terrible earthquake in the year 1356 which destroyed large parts of the city and many official archives. Basel Carnival Exhibition. This varied dressing is called "Charivari". It is requested, though not required, that visitors purchase a badge, so that the groups can continue to finance themselves. From 4 am on Monday, many restaurants and bars in the old town open their doors and remain open for the following 72 hours. Many Cliques have their own masked balls in their clique-cellars. There are no documents from this era supporting this theory, and the resolutions from 1529 were not quoted until 200 years later. Nonetheless, Fasnacht went on until Thursday at 4:00 am. Owing to its uniqueness and quality, it has been added to the UNESCO intangible cultural heritage list. The Carnival of Basel is often referred to as the only Protestant carnival in the world. On the Saturday after Fasnacht, there are many masked balls, which are together known as the Kehrausball (or Kehruss in the local dialect). One of the most famous festivals is the Carnival of Basel (the Lenten Carnival), which is celebrated by the locals during the first seven days of Lent. The carnival takes place in Basel, Switzerland kicking off on Monday after Ash Wednesday at approximately 4:00 am. Carnival of Basel 2015 (Basler Fasnacht 2015).jpg 1,920 × 1,157; 2.29 MB Cortege.JPG 3,072 × 2,304; 855 KB Das festliche Jahr img102 Der Basler Morgenstreich.jpg 764 × 719; 323 KB According wiki, Carnival of Basel is one of the top fifty local festivities in Europe. Fasnacht as we know it today took on its shape above all in the course of the latter half of the 20th century. The common explanation is that after the Reformation in 1520, Basel continued celebrating its Fasnacht, while the other regions officially stopped. Some Cliques have uniform Kopflaternen but traditionally during the Morgestraich, Clique members do not wear uniform costumes. In 2017 the UNESCO added the Carnival of Basel to the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage.[5]. One of the many highlights in the museum’s history was the visit of the Dalai Lama in … However, the festival is also celebrated in other Swiss cities, including Lucerne and Solothurn. In total, there were more than 12,000 Fasnächtler who took part in organised groups. In Bern, the term for carnival is either Fasnacht or Fastnacht which means on the eve of fasting. Insider tips from Basel: top events, competitions and special offers. Basel Carnival includes unique lanterns, musical instruments, creative performances. The Children and Family Fasnacht is on Tuesday. It has been listed as one of the top fifty… Before the beginning of Lent, or the 40-day fasting period, feasts and folk-festivals were commonly held. Although the Guggemusik groups do not participate on Morgestreich, they march and play throughout Fasnacht, starting with the Cortège on Monday, and are showcased on Tuesday night when they perform in Guggekoncerts in various locations. Basel Carnival 2021. In Basel, these 3 days are actually bank holidays so that everyone can enjoy. It is said, that in order to differ from the Catholic customs, Fasnacht was scheduled one week later starting in 1529. The majority of these national holidays of Basel can be proud of their long history. More traditional masks recall Napoleonic soldiers, harlequins (Harlekin) and the famous Waggis. It remains unclear exactly why Carnival starts one week later in Basel than elsewhere in Switzerland or Germany. Afterwards, only this second carnival was celebrated in Basel. Traditional Waggislarve masked used at the Carnival of Basel, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://ich.unesco.org/en/RL/basel-carnival-01262, 50cm fresh-fallen snow (german) - Baslerstab Newspaper, 7/8 March 2006, Dossier "Die Basler Fasnacht" at altbasel.ch, Private picture gallery of the Morgenstraich and the Monday Cortège 2006, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Carnival_of_Basel&oldid=978094270, Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles needing additional references from September 2009, All articles needing additional references, Switzerland articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 September 2020, at 21:23. Participants are fully concealed and must remain incognito while parading; it is considered inappropriate and a breach of protocol to identify oneself by removing the mask, other than during official breaks from the parade. Basel, Switzerland. It takes place annually between February and March, or specifically, the Monday after Ash Wednesday. The Carnival of Basel (German: Basler Fasnacht) is the biggest carnival in Switzerland and takes place annually between February and March in Basel.It has recently been listed as one of the top fifty local festivities in Europe. Although Basel is a traditionally Protestant city, it has been celebrating Carnival for centuries. Reviewed August 4, 2016 . Some trucks are on display on the Kasernenareal from Monday night to Wednesday morning. On the command "Morgestraich, vorwärts marsch!" Fasnacht Basel is the largest and most famous carnival in Switzerland. Since 2017, the Carnival of Basel has been included in UNESCO's intangible cultural heritage. In 2017 it was given the Intangible Cultural Heritage status. The common explanation is that after the Reformationin 1520, Basel continued celebrating its Fasnacht, while the other regions officially stopped. Basler Fasnacht is often referred to as die drey scheenschte Dääg ("the three most beautiful days"). It starts at 4 AM on the Monday after Ash Wednesday – yes, rebellious Basel celebrates carnival during lent – and it lasts exactly 72 hours. Basel’s carnival tradition dates back several centuries, with one of the earliest records of the “Böse Fasnacht” (a day of fatal clashes between the citizens and knights) dating back to 1376. Liestal, a larger suburb, initiates the carnival with a spectacular parade of burning wood on the day before, called “Chienbäse”. Like with most carnival customs, the roots of the Basel Fasnacht trace back to ancient Celtic and Germanic origins and practices relating to ancestor worship, fertility rites, and the expulsion of winter. Why does Basel celebrate Fasnacht? On this time of a year all main streets and squares of the city turn into bright and lively markets. Back then, the Fasnacht participants took to the alleys with burning torches. Never before has a Fasnacht been celebrated with more snow, and especially not fresh-fallen snow. Close-up of two Basel carnival 2019 colorful carnival masks. The lanterns, most of them still wrapped up from delivery from their respective workshops, are brought to where the parade begins in the city centre. Important events that define the Carnival Basel. At the Basel Carnival there are five major groups of participants. Andreasplatz, Basel, Switzerland - February 19th, 2018. For spectators, there is the ever-present danger of being attacked from behind by a confetti-throwing Waggis, especially if not wearing a Carnival badge (see below) known as a Blaggedde (which sounds similar to plaquette to French and English listeners). There, it is possible to sample traditional Basler carnival specialties, such as flour soup, Zwiebelkuchen and Käsewähe (a quiche-like baked dish). The first cliques were formed, Schnitzelbank singers made their appearance for the first time, and piping and drumming gradually became the hallmark of Fasnacht. A group of basel carnival masks lay in a corner waiting for their owners during a break Basel carnival 2018 - Two masks hanging besides a green door. During this time the Fasnächtler (the participants) dominate the old town of central Basel, running free in the streets and restaurants. Basel locals call their carnival "liebe Frau Fasnacht" (dear Lady Fasnacht). The Basel Fasnacht is not only the biggest in Switzerland, but also one of the most crowded one of the world. ("Morgestraich, forward march!") The history of Basel Fasnacht has been lost in the mist of time as all the relevant documents were destroyed during a devasting earthquake back in 1356. The Schnitzelbank singer is a bard that sings satirical verses about current events in Basel or from around the world. Originally, sweets in the form of small sugar balls known as confetti (an Italian name, similar to the English confectionery) were given away or thrown at the crowd during the parade. It is usually referred to as 'Basel Fasnacht', or just 'Fasnacht' in English, sometimes as Basel Carnival. In the 19th century, the nature of Fasnacht began to change. A total of 185 parade lanterns were carried or pushed on mobile frames. It lasts for exactly 72 hours ending on Thursday morning at 4:00 am. Later in the evening, the groups return to Basel in normal street clothes (no costumes or masks) and parade one last time through the inner city, particularly along the major street in the city, Freie Strasse. This is one of these museums with very diverse expositions: cultural objects from various peoples, modern and antique, common and strange looking. Historians n… In the Basel German dialect, confetti are called Räppli, and only single-coloured confetti can be purchased in Basel. The verses are sung in Swiss German and the singer will show Helge (illustrations) to the current verse. Except on the Cortège, the Cliques do not follow fixed routes, and it is thus very common for different Cliques to cross paths. On this day, there are many parades through the city, but, this time, it is not the Cliques that take part, rather families with their children. The carnival lasts for exactly 72 hours and, therefore, ends on Thursday morning at 4:00 am. The carnival of Basel (Basel Fasnacht) is very famous: it is the biggest in Switzerland. It is said, that in order to differ from the Catholic customs, Fasnacht was scheduled one week later starting in 1529. Some of them are used for experiments with the Fasnacht topic, such as Fasnachts-Musicals or concerts with traditional Fasnacht instruments and crossovers with "classic" instruments. This was decided by the regional confetti manufacturers to prevent the once-common practice of reselling "used" confetti. Many non-Clique individuals and small groups known as Schyssdräggziigli also wander through the streets. Basel's guilds had a considerable influence on the development of Carnival, the "three best days". It has been listed as one of the top fifty local festivities in Europe. Even so, Basel's sanitation department succeeds in clearing away this mess within two hours during the night, so, by the following morning, there is little evidence of the previous day's events. Each Clique has a specific ritual for the farewell, most of which involve forming a circle with their lanterns and chanting a particular musical composition. From then until the 16th century, the two carnival dates existed. New traditions and rituals sprang up which are still celebrated today as if they had existed already for centuries. 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