Riek Machar spent his early years in Sudan where he pursued his undergraduate degree at the University of Khartoum and later joined the University of Bradford. In January 2002 he signed an agreement with John Garang to merge the SPDF into the SPLA, and was given command of the Dok Nuer within the SPLA. Who Is Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon? They escaped and joined Machar in 1993, with their forces making an important addition to the formerly Nuer-dominated SPLA-Nasir. Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon Chairman and Commander-in-Chief, SSIM/A. Opposition Leader Dr Riek Machar jetted back to Juba on Monday afternoon for peace talks with President Salva Kiir. Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon (* 1952 in Leer) ist ein südsudanesischer Politiker. Machar's second wife, Angelina Teny, is one of the leading women politicians in South Sudan. [25] He was also made commander in chief of the South Sudan Defense Force (SSDF), which included most of the ex-rebels who had signed the Khartoum agreement. Kong Chuol is from the Eastern Jikany Nuer and Lam Akol is from the Shilluk people. [19] Dr. Riek Machar, left, after his swearing in ceremony in Juba, South Sudan on February 22, 2020. Although seeking independence for South Sudan, the group received covert support from the Government of Sudan as it fought the SPLA between 1991 and 1999 in attacks that became increasingly violent and ethnically motivated. In 1990 Machar was based at Leer. As of May 2019 he was living in Khartoum, the capital of South Sudan's northern neighbor Sudan, following a six-month delay in the implementation of a power sharing deal that was meant to take effect on 12 May 2019. After the civil war started, Machar turned towards a "shadowy" group of European arms deals to arm his forces. He trained as an engineer at Khartoum University, and obtained a PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Bradford in 1984. [15] Dr. Riek Machar. His total net worth is approximately $ 50 million. [37][38] In April 2016, as part of the peace deal, Machar returned to Juba and was sworn in as vice-president. ", "Sudan SPLM leadership Bio-data and profiled", "Riek Machar confirms a Final Peace agreement to be signed soon", "OIL-CAUSED REALIGNMENT OF SOUTHERN REBEL FORCES AND ESCALATION OF WAR, LATE 1999", "S.Sudan: The Newly Appointed Ministers Or Caretakers", "South Sudan flag finally raised before 192 nations at UN in New York". Machar dismissed Lam Akol from the SPLA-United in February 1994. Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon was born in Leer, Unity State in 1953, the 26th son of the chief of both Ayod and Leer. When South Sudan became independent, in July 2011 he was appointed first Vice President of the new republic. In August 1991 Riek Machar, Lam Akol and Gordon Kong announced that John Garang had been ejected from the SPLM. [21] After the death of John Garang in July 2005, Riek Machar became vice-president of the autonomous Southern Sudan. Davor war er Kriegsherr im Sezessionskrieg. [39] Machar fled the capital after renewed fighting between the Kiir loyalists and his own loyalists Juba in July 2016. [40], In October 2017, Machar was under house arrest in South Africa. PHOTO: Courtesy . [16], Machar was a rebel leader with the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLM/A) headed by John Garang from 1984 until he fell out with Garang in 1991. [25] [14] The top country leader made these calls during the SPLM/A-IO annual conference conducted on Tuesday 1st December in Juba. April 2016 bis zu seiner Absetzung durch Präsident Salva Kiir Mayardit am 25. An exception was the Franco-Polish arms dealer Pierre Dadak who at the time of his arrest at Ibiza villa on 14 July 2016 was negotiating to sell Machar 40, 000 AK-47 assault rifles, 30, 000 PKM machine guns and 200, 000 boxes of ammunition. Lam Akol returned to Kodok in the government-held region of Upper Nile state. In 2000 he left the SSDF and formed a new militia, the Sudan People's Defense Forces/Democratic Front (SPDF), and in 2002 rejoined the SPLA as a senior commander. Machar married Emma McCune, a British aid worker. Early Life . [18] As Zonal Commander of Western Upper Nile, in 1986 he entered into an agreement with Baggara chiefs. His father was a chief of his clan. They were instantly attracted to one another, and Machar, who already had a wife, proposed on their second meeting a year after the first. @2018 - venasnews.com. [19], Kerubino Kuanyin and Faustino Atem Gualdit, Dinkas from Bahr el-Ghazal, had been among the founders of the SPLM but had fallen out with John Garang and had been jailed. The South Sudan first vice president Dr. Riek Machar has called for the devolution of powers and resources at the States and Counties level within the implementation of the Revitalize Peace Agreement. [24], From 1994 to 1997 Machar's movement was known as the South Sudan Independence Movement/Army (SSIM/A). After this addition by forces from other ethnic groups, Riek's movement and force was called the SPLA-United from 1993 to 1994. By February 2013 Machar publicly stated his intentions to challenge President Kiir. Dec 23, 2020 (Thessherald)–The Office of the First Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar, has strongly welcomed the recent communique issued at the 38th Extraordinary Assembly of the IGAD Heads of State and Government on December 20, 2020 in Djibouti. South Sudan’s main armed opposition leader, Dr. Riek Machar Teny, has reportedly told his forces in Central Equatoria state’s Moroto training centre to vacate the place following repeated attacks from government-allied forces. January 11, 2021 (JUBA) – South Sudan’s First Vice President, Riek Machar on Monday met with the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Special Envoy, Dr … In August Machar became Vice President of the Government of Southern Sudan and SPLM Co-Chair of the Joint Executive Political Committee. Top leaders in South Sudan and Sudan have expressed interest in the reactivation of the four freedoms agreement to facilitate trade between the two countries. He has tried to transcend tribal divisions, and at one time attempted to ban initiation marks. [9] The Bul Nuer Anyanya-2 militia at Mayom under Paulino Matip and the Lou Nuer Anyanya-2 militia at Doleib Hill under Yohannes Yual declared for Riek. What's Next? [26], During the 1990s Machar skillfully developed support among the eastern Nuer, the Jikany and the Lou, taking advantage of SPLA unpopularity with the Jikany and drawing on prophetic tradition to make his case. Machar fell out with the SPLM/A leader John Garang in 1991 and formed a splinter group, the SPLM/A-Nasir. Between April and July 2016 Machar served as the First Vice President of South Sudan. Since the historic Nasir Declaration of August 28, 1991, the demand of the people of South Sudan for the right of self- determination, as a peaceful political resolution of the forty year war in the Sudan, has been a real challenging problem to Sudanese political forces and parties. Dr Machar is extremely walthy.The PhD holder owns several houses in Kenya, including two mansions in Runda, Nairobi estimated to be worthy $2 million. [20] As part of SPLA-Nasir, he was involved in the Bor massacre, where 2000 mostly civilians were killed in Bor in 1991 while tens of thousands died in the following years from the resulting famine. Mohamed Hamdan Daglo "Hemeti", during the Sudanese peace talks in Juba on December 10, 2019. Riek Machar is a man who wears many labels: rebel leader, former vice-president, warlord and now, possibly, peacemaker. She was state minister of Energy and Mining in the transitional government (2005–2010). The coup leaders also expressed a demand for self-determination in the then Southern Sudan. Later he was appointed SPLA Regional Commander for a region that extended from the Ethiopian border in the east to Renk in the north and to Ayod and Waat in the south. Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Riek Machar sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. [25], The civil war ended in January 2005. In 1996 Machar signed a Political Charter and in 1997 the Khartoum Peace Agreement with the government. In 1997, he made a treaty with the Government of Sudan and became head of the government-backed South Sudan Defense Force (SSDF). After the death of John Garang in July 2005, Riek Machar became vice-president of the autonomous Southern Sudan. In 2012, he publicly apologized for his part in the Bor massacre as he prepared to pave way for taking the helm of SPLM.[34]. Kerubino became deputy Commander in Chief. Machar belongs to the Dok section of the Nuer people. Credit|Alex McBride/AFP via Getty Images . South Sudan’s First Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar has revealed to the country that he has tested positive for the coronavirus. Riek belongs to the Dok section of the Nuer people.He trained as an Engineer at Khartoum University, and obtained a PhD in Philosophy and strategic planning from the University of Bradfordin 1984. Machar returned to Juba in October 2018 following a peace deal that was signed in September 2018. South Sudan: Riek Machar's End-Game - What Is It? [10] By Dak Buoth Riek An old African proverb says ‘‘if you want to go quickly, go alone; and If you want to go far, go together.’’ I am very much concern with the unfolding events characterized by defections of the senior military and political leaders from the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-in-opposition (SPLM-IO), led by First Vice President, Dr Riek Machar. He became vice-president of South Sudan on 9 July 2011 when the country became independent, but was dismissed from office by President Salva Kiir Mayardit on 23 July 2016. Juli 2016. In 2000 at a meeting of leaders in Koch he finally resigned from the government of Sudan and created a fresh militia named the Sudan People's Defense Forces/Democratic Front (SPDF). [36], In late August 2015, a peace agreement was signed between the government and Machar's rebels. [17] He later graduated with a PhD in Strategic planning. The president reverted the country to 10 states last weekend, a day after he … Stay on top of Riek Machar latest developments on the ground with Al Jazeera’s fact-based news, exclusive video footage, photos and updated maps. [33], Following the independence of South Sudan, Machar was the vice president of the country. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema Riek Machar in höchster Qualität. [20], In September 1993, President Daniel Arap Moi of Kenya held separate talks with Garang and Riek Machar. FVP Dr. Riek Machar (L) and Lt.Gen. Matip's fighters forced Tito Biel, a high-ranking SSDF commander, to evacuate Leer early in 1999. Early in 1995 hostilities between the SSIM and SPLA, which had taken several thousands of civilian lives, were temporarily suspended. In February 2020, Machar was resworn as vice president following a peace agreement with Salva Kiir, the current President of South Sudan. This article, "The irrationality of the South African detainment Riek Machar," , is an excellent analytical piece. List of Best Business To Do With Small Capital in Uganda in 2017, Kenya Commercial Bank (KCB) List of Branches and CODES, Best and marketable courses to do with a C plain, C- and D, D+ or D- in Kenya. He was brought up as a member of the Presbyterian church. [25] In 1997 Riek made a treaty with the Government of Sudan and became head of the government-backed South Sudan Defense Force (SSDF). ", "Is South Sudan's latest peace accord the real deal? [42] Machar house confinement in South Africa was also criticized int he media. Machar said any talks would be illegal because he had fired Gai. Dr. Riek Machar, Dr. Lam Akol, and Gordon Kong, in the Nasir Declaration, expressed concerns about “the lack of human rights and democracy” within the movement. After a 48-hour ultimatum given by the president to him for returning to Juba to progress with the peace agreement talks passed, the SPLA-IO in Juba appointed lead negotiator Taban Deng Gai to replace Machar and the government accepted him as acting vice-president. Machar belongs to the Dok section of the Nuer people. Genossenschaft seit 1992. Riek Machar will take up the post of First Vice President when the new unity government is formed, initially in February 2019, but later delayed until February 2020. After the death of John Garang in July 2005, Machar became vice-president of the autonomous Southern Sudan. Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon was born in 1953 in South Sudan. [29], Riek Machar's failure to prevent the government from forcibly displacing civilians from the oil-producing areas of Unity State turned the Nuer against his leadership. Where John Garang at first wanted a secular and democratic but united Sudan in which the southerners would have full representation, Machar wanted a fully independent South Sudan. Machar said that Kiir's move was a step towards dictatorship. [25], There was growing tension between Riek Machar and Paulino Matip's South Sudan Unity Movement (SSUM), which became engaged in forcibly removing civilians from the Block 5A oil concession area, and assisting in clearances from other oil blocks. [17] Riek fell out with the SPLM/A leader John Garang in 1991 and formed a splinter group, the SPLM/A-Nasir. Juli 2013 Vizepräsident des Südsudan und war es erneut vom 26. Tito Biel later went over to the SPLA. Kritischer, unabhängiger Journalismus der linken Nachrichtenseite taz: Analysen, Hintergründe, Kommentare, Interviews, Reportagen. “The Office of the First Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan, and Chairman and Commander-in-Chief of the SPLM/SPLA (IO) welcomes … FVP Dr. Riek Machar (L) and Lt.Gen. [22] Dr Riek Machar | File photo . [4][5][6], Machar obtained a PhD in strategic planning in 1984 and then joined the rebel Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) during the Second Sudanese Civil War (1983–2005). [11][12], Machar has been called a tuut dhoali/Doth in English, which may be translated "adult boy", meaning uninitiated and literate. South Sudan First Vice President and SPLM-IO Chairman Dr. Riek Machar Teny [Photo via Getty Images] OPINION – The SPLM/A-IO military high command, after having issued two documents signed by the chief of staff, seem to have fallen to deaf ears, even the peace brokers (Sudan and Uganda especially) and IGAD who were addressed in those two documents could not response or taken a … https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Riek_Machar&oldid=1000378456, South Sudan politics and government templates, Sudan People's Liberation Movement politicians, SPLM/SPLA Political-Military High Command, Heads of government who were later imprisoned, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 21:18. [7], Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon was born in Leer, Unity State in 1952,[8] the 26th son of the chief of Ayod and Leer. He became vice-president of South Sudan on 9 July 2011 when the country became independent, but was dismissed from office by President Salva Kiir Mayardit on 23 July 2016. He was brought up as a member of the Presbyterian church. She died in a car accident in Nairobi in 1993 at the age of 29, while pregnant. [23] In July 2013, he, and the entire cabinet, was dismissed from office. Machar led forces that attacked and overran Melut in 1989. Machar also deals with oil and transport business. [25] Riek has been called a tuut dhoali/Doth in English, which may be translated "adult boy", meaning uninitiated and literate.He has tried to transcend t… Speaking during the opening of the Sudanese Trade exhibition in Juba over the weekend, Dr Machar says resumption of the border crossing between the two countries will help to stop the smuggling of goods. The two seemed to agree about various subjects related to a cease fire and reconciliation between the two factions, self-determination and opposition to the Khartoum regime, but Machar disputed Garang's authority and refused to sign a joint declaration. He served as the Vice President of the youngest country in Africa, South Sudan, from 2011 to 2013 when he was dismissed by President Salva Kiir. Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon was born in Leer, Unity State in 1952 , the 26th son of the chief of Ayod and Leer. At risk in his own homeland of the Dok Nuer, Riek moved his base of operations to the eastern Jikany area. All Right Reserved. [45], Return to vice-presidency and second sacking, Sudan People's Liberation Movement-in-Opposition, Sudan People's Defense Forces/Democratic Front, https://sudantribune.com/spip.php?article63120, "South Sudan: A history of political domination: A case of self-determination", "South Sudanese minister replaces 'missing' Riek Machar as vice president - Africanews", "Profile: South Sudan rebel leader Riek Machar", "South Sudan's Unity Government Is Delayed by 100 Days. The National conference brought … [7], On 18 May 2020, Machar and his wife tested positive for COVID-19. Juba – The leader of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement in Opposition (SPLM-IO), Dr. Riek Machar, says his group is committed to working towards building sustainable peace in the restive country. In a highly attended Facebook live talk show commemorating the 7th anniversary of the Dec 15th, 2013 Juba Massacre, Gen. Yien Mathew called out to SPLM-IO supporters pointing out several shortcomings with their under-house-arrest leader Dr. Riek Machar, and urged them to think critically about many of their leader’s recurring mistakes and the effectiveness of their movement in the … In 2000 he left the SSDF and formed a new militia, the Sudan People’s Defense Forces/Democratic Front (SPDF), and in 2002 rejoined the SPLA as a senior commander. Top leaders in South Sudan and Sudan have expressed interest in the reactivation of the four freedoms agreement to facilitate trade between the two countries. [41] President Kiir and Dr Machar, who is questioning the creation of three administrative areas, are expected to focus on the number of states and security arrangements. Riek Machar became the first vice president of South Sudan following its independence from Sudan in July 2011. Under this agreement he was assistant to Omar el-Bashir, President of Sudan, and President of the Southern States Coordinating Council. Dr. Riek Machar, First Vice President and Angelina Teny, Minister of Defense use elbow greetings during a recent event in Juba. His house arrest status was lifted in March 2018. These expressions were noble demands of … Machar's SSDF began to receive ammunition from the SPLA as of June 1999. [27] In 1998–1999, Matip's fighters and government troops clashed several times with Machar's SSDF forces in a struggle for control of the Unity state oilfields. JUBA – South Sudan’s First Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar Teny, has announced in a statement this morning that the Upper Nile state conference that the presidency announced last week will commence on Wednesday through Saturday this week. On 15 July 2011 Machar represented South Sudan at the ceremony when his country's flag was raised outside United Nations headquarters in New York. [36] Little is known about them. He became vice-president of South Sudan on 9 July 2011 when the country became independent, but was dismissed from office by President Salva Kiir Mayardit on 23 July 2016. [13] (AP Photo) The South Sudanese Vice-President, Riek Machar, and his wife, Defence Minister Angelina Teny, will self-quarantine for the next two weeks, after testing positive for the coronavirus. Credit|Alex McBride/AFP via Getty Images . The breakaway faction, based in Nasir until 1995 and then in Waat and Ayod, was called the SPLM/A-Nasir faction from 1991 to 1993. Riek Machar. McCune met and married Riek Machar, one of two leading southern guerrilla commanders, and became a high-profile khawagiyya (foreigner). Dr. Machar obtained his Bachelor’s Degree in Engineering in 1977from Khartoum University. Er gehört dem Volk der Dok-Nuer an. Designed and Developed by venasnews, Riek Machar Biography.Education,Wealth,Family. After his dismissal, Machar formed his rebel group and named it SPLM-IO.This is the same group that has been fighting Mr Kiir’s government with the aim of dethroning the president. But strange enough, they killed officers and soldiers who had disagreed with them in Nasir. He is also the head of the rebel faction known as SPLM-IO that was founded in 2014 following the 2013 war outbreak and has been historically in opposition to Kiir. Machar dismissed Kerubino Kuanyin and Commander William Nyuon Bany from the SSIM on the basis that they had signed military and political agreements with the government of Sudan late in the previous year, and that they had attempted to form a government-supported faction in the SSIM. Mohamed Hamdan Daglo "Hemeti", during the Sudanese peace talks in Juba on December 10, 2019. Dr Machar, who is still at large after his aborted coup, is blessed with a wife (Anelina Tonie) and four children. [30] [31] In October 1993 the US Congress hosted a meeting between Garang and Machar. [35] These events in turn led to the South Sudanese Civil War. ", "President Kiir appoint Machar FVP ahead of South Sudan new cabinet - Sudan Tribune: Plural news and views on Sudan", "Salva Kiir appoints Machar as First Vice President", "South Sudan: New government takes shape as VPs sworn in", "Biography of Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon", "South Sudan VP confirms apology for Bor Massacre", "Will South Sudan peace deal be worth the wait? First VP Dr Riek Machar Teny calls for the re-opening of border crossings between # Sudan and # SouthSudan. List of Countries with More Men Than Women, TECNO Spark K7 Features and Price in Kenya, Food you can cook with Kitunguu Saumu (garlic). He was brought up as a member of the Presbyterian church. [10] Er war von 2005 bis zum 23. However, in his struggle with John Garang he exploited ethnic rivalries between the Nuer and Dinka people. The former president is determined to take over power in South Sudan but a determined Kiir is not ready to give up yet. Machar was re-appointed as First Vice-President of South Sudan on 22 February 2020 as part of the Revitalised Transitional Government of National Unity. He trained as an engineer at Khartoum University, and obtained a PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Bradford in 1984. Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon (born 1952) is a South Sudanese politician who serves as the first Vice President of South Sudan. That year he was able to visit his family, which was based in Britain, for the first time since the civil war started. [32] [28] In 1984, shortly after his graduation, he joined the rebel group in Sudan, alongside the late John Garang. He is designated to be the First Vice President according to the new "revitalized" peace agreement signed in September 2018. [9], Machar disagreed with the SPLA leader John Garang over objectives. In July 2013, he was sacked by … The peace process between Dr. Riek machar, and Dr. John Garang on January 5-6, 2002 in Nairobi Kenya. ", "South Sudan rebel chief Riek Machar sworn in as vice-president", "South Sudan opposition replaces missing leader Machar", "As South Sudan implodes, America reconsiders its support for the regime", "Machar's house arrest lifted, days in SA numbered", "South Sudan rebel leader Riek Machar returns to Juba", "Kiir urges rival Machar to return to South Sudan", "South Sudan vice president, wife test positive for coronavirus", "Angelina Teny says will not accept "rigged" and "untrue" election results", "South Sudan Riek Machar, What a leader! [43][44] Machar was appointed First Vice-President of South Sudan on 22 February 2020 as part of the Revitalised Transitional Government of National Unity. The agreement would make Riek Machar the vice-president again. 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