Cram, a convert to High Church Episcopalianism from Unitarianism,[6] also lent support to this aim. The word 'chapel' conjures up the image of a small space for quiet reflection and prayer. The configuration and its proportions are typical of English churches, but the nave's vaulted ceiling and the colonnettes supporting it recall French churches. The Educational Technologies Center of Princeton University. Milliner ("The Princeton University Chapel", p. 5), identifies one of these, the Belgian cardinal. This arrangement lasted until 1847, when a separate building was constructed on the site of East Pyne. The Princeton University Chapel is the religious and ceremonial center for the University. [2][9], The plans for the new chapel were made public in 1921. University President, John Grier Hibben, issued an appeal for funds to construct a chapel in an architectural style based on the fourteenth century English Gothic and appointed Ralph Adams Cram as the University’s supervising architect for this project. The University Chapel was built in response to the devastating fire which destroyed the Marquand Chapel in 1920. Online Worship Service Sunday - view chapel.princeton.edu - with Alexandra Miller-Knaack, Chapel Intern Special Events , Religious , Featured Event , Worship , Sacred Text Study The service will have magnificent music provided by Penna Rose, Director of Chapel Music and Eric Plutz, University Organist and soloist Gregory Loshkajian ’16. The main campus sits on about 500 acres (2.0 km ) in Princeton. [6] The building's southeast corner houses a vestry. May 30, 1928—The University Chapel, which replaces the destroyed Marquand Chapel, is dedicated in a Sunday morning service. It is one of the largest university chapels in the world, a blessing to the University and to its neighbors, a place of beauty, artistry, and [29], Measured in the interior, the chapel is 249 feet (76 m) long, 93.5 feet (28 m) wide at its transepts, and 78.5 feet (24 m) high at the crossing. The chapel is cruciform and is built on the scale of a large parish church or a small cathedral. University Chapel - Its Collegiate Gothic architecture makes the Chapel one of the most beautiful buildings on campus. Today, enhanced by its elegant beauty and charm, the Chapel has been an attractive site for frequent weddings and memorial services for alumni, faculty, and many other friends of the University. This is true at Opening Exercises, Baccalaureate, and annual memorial services for alumni and staff of the University. On March 13, 1960, less than six weeks after the first of the Greensboro sit-ins, Martin Luther King Jr., delivered a sermon at the chapel. [12] The construction cost about $2.3 million and was completed in 1928. [38], Inscribed on the narthex wall facing the nave is "A Prayer for Princeton",[39] which as of 2008 was still used in services at the chapel. [4][5], Ralph Adams Cram, the university's supervising architect, designed and oversaw construction of the new chapel.

In Princeton, you can see Princeton University Chapel, a gothic town church. An additional door on the chapel's north side opens onto the Hibben Garden, named in recognition of John Grier Hibben's role in the chapel's construction and dedication. The chapel was rededicated in an interfaith ceremony in 2002 following a major two-year restoration. The James Forrestal Campus is split between nearby Plainsboro and South Brunswick. The Orthodox Chapel of the Transfiguration, located on the campus of Princeton University, is a unique facility of the Orthodox Church in America's Diocese of New York and New Jersey. [14] A plaque on the interior south wall of the chapel's nave commemorates the occasion. Princeton's religious heritage is exemplified in the imposing and elegant University Chapel, the third largest college chapel in the world. The gallery above the narthex is at the level of the triforium. "[51], An oak made pulpit stands in front of the choir facing the nave. [88], The exterior of the Chapel seen from the southeast, with the Mather Sundial in the foreground, Milliner, "The Princeton University Chapel", p. 4. However, by the end of the Civil War a new chapel was needed because the number of undergraduates had doubled. Ground was ultimately broken during Princeton's commencement ceremonies in June 1924, and in the following year Cram and Hibben laid the cornerstone. 5-6. The Princeton University Chapel is located on that university's main campus in Princeton, New Jersey, United States. COVID-19 Resources . [31], Each of the three narthex entrances sits below a tympanum. Princeton, New Jersey 08544 History of the Service of Remembrance. The chapel underwent a two-year, $10 million restoration between 2000 and 2002. It originated in the north of France, probably in the mid-1500s. In several places the chapel's iconography includes images of figures associated with Princeton University: The chapel operates within university's Office of Religious Life. Skinner invented the contra fagotto stop for the Princeton chapel organ in response to a request by Princeton's director of music. Extraordinarily beautiful is the Princeton Museum of Art. Therefore, our private excursions to Princeton are very popular and attract thousands of travelers annually. A staircase leads from the Braman Transept to the Bright Pulpit. [43], Large stained glass windows due to Connick[66] in the walls of the choir retell four "Christian epics": the Divine Comedy and Le Morte d'Arthur on the north wall and Paradise Lost and Pilgrim's Progress on the south wall. Stillwell describes the iconography around the Blessed Sacrament Chapel but makes no mention of it per se. Marquand Chapel", "Ralph Adams Cram: The man, his work, and his legacy. At its founding in 1746, Princeton University (then known as the College of New Jersey) was first located in the parsonage of the Presbyterian Church of Elizabeth; when the College moved to Princeton, New Jersey in 1756, the chapel was located in Nassau Hall. In an ecumenical touch, the north and south are symbolically united by "The Love of Christ" in the Great East Window. Irving and Casson, A. H. Davenport Company, "Princeton University: An Interactive Campus History, 1746-1996. (Cram was not a Yale alumnus and in fact did not attend college, so it is unclear what interest he might have had promoting Yale. Other powerful Gothic buildings include their Cadet Chapel, United States Military Academy, West Point, New York (1910), and James Gamble Rogers’s Memorial Quadrangle and Harkness Tower, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (1916–33). [7] The exterior is constructed largely from Pennsylvania sandstone, with Indiana limestone used for the trim. Princeton University Chapel | Closed due to COVID-19 Each summer begins with a formal Opening Ceremony in the Princeton University Chapel where new scholars and families are welcomed to the community and returning scholars renew their commitments to their academic and collegiate goals. Built around 1920 I believe and in the Martin Luther King, Jr., delivered a sermon there in 1960. The altar and the choir stalls were built and carved by Irving and Casson, A. H. Davenport Company, in Sherwood Forest oak;[49] Cram speculated that the wood may have dated from the time of Robin Hood. Behind the altar are carved images of eight religious figures: four Catholic saints to the north, and four leaders of Protestantism to the south. A statue of a pelican, a religious symbol associated with Corpus Christi, sits atop the sundial, which was presented to Princeton in 1907 by William Mather, then the governor of Victoria University of Manchester. [6] The construction received considerable media attention,[11] as it promised to be the largest university chapel in the United States and the second largest in the world after King's College Chapel, Cambridge. [29] Beneath the figure of Christ is Princeton University's shield, illustrating the university's motto, Dei sub numine viget ("Under the power of God she flourishes"). Milliner, "The Princeton University Chapel", p. 6. When the College relocated to Princeton in 1756, a chapel was located in what would become the Faculty Room in Nassau Hall. [15] Despite the complexity of the work, the chapel remained open throughout the restoration. When the College moved to Princeton in 1756, the chapel was located in what eventually became the Faculty Room in Nassau Hall. The University has been led by 20 presidents, spanning colonial times to the 21st century. The Princeton University chapel is central to the two great ceremonies in a Princetonian’s life cycle: Pre-rade and commencement. At its founding in 1746 the College of New Jersey was first located in the parsonage of the Presbyterian Church of Elizabeth and soon afterwards in a sister church in Newark. [21] Leading the ceremony, then-Dean of Religious Life Thomas Breidenthal said, "This edifice is unmistakably Christian, [but] this chapel is meant to belong to all of us. Stillwell knew the building from its planning stages through its construction, dedication, and long use. A private individual purchased it shortly before the confiscation of church property during the French Revolution. [2] It was built by Matthews Construction Company,[7] which worked on several projects on Princeton's campus. When completed in 1928 at a cost of more than two million dollars, this imposing college chapel, capable of seating two thousand, was second in size only to the chapel at King’s College, Cambridge University. [25] Most of the interior is limestone, but the aisles and the central area of the choir are Aquia Creek sandstone. In addition to the various denominational services held throughout the week, an ecumenical service is offered by the Dean and the Associate Dean of Religious Life each Sunday at 11:00 am (10:00 am during summer). [29] Cram resigned as Princeton's supervising architect over the inclusion of the arch, which he disliked;[30] nonetheless, he participated in the chapel's 1928 dedication ceremony. Featured Events . While it is quiet, as it should be, it is anything but small. At its founding in 1746, Princeton University, then named the College of New Jersey, was located in the parsonage of the Presbyterian Church of Elizabeth, and soon afterwards moved to a sister church in Newark. Princeton University's Chapel is amazing! She taught at Duke University for twenty years before coming to Princeton. [17] The arches of the crossing were designed to support the addition of a central tower,[25] but this option has not been exercised: in Bush and Kemeny's words, "Cram felt that Princeton already had enough towers. Its magnificent Mander-Skinner. "[33] Ardolino is credited as executing all of the building's stone carving. It changed hands several times before Hibben obtained it for the chapel. Milliner, "The Princeton University Chapel", p. 5. Two staircases on the east and west of the narthex lead to an upper gallery, which looks out upon the nave. [26] The garden of evergreens was designed by H. Russell Butler, Jr.[27] On the chapel's south side are an additional door at ground level to the east and an exterior pulpit, designed after one at Magdalen College, Oxford,[6] and named Bright Pulpit, in honor of John Bright. Princeton Weekly Bulletin P29.737.12, Oversize P11.73.2f The Princeton Weekly Bulletin is a weekly events listing for the Princeton campus. An altar stands at the far east end. "[2] Kessler calls the stained glass "a summa of the heritage of Christianity up to the early twentieth century. The only university chapel of its size at the time it was built was King's College Chapel at the University of Cambridge. [41] It is divided into three vertical levels: an arcade at ground level, a triforium beneath the roofs of the aisles, and a clerestory. [3] The location for the new chapel was chosen for two reasons: symbolically, the new chapel would rise from the ashes of the old one, and practically, it would locate the new chapel centrally as the campus expanded eastward. [43], The northern transept is named for Henry Gurdon Marquand, the benefactor of the Marquand Chapel, which burned to the ground in 1920 and which the present chapel was built to replace. [16], On the western end of the chapel is the narthex, which has entrances on the north, west, and south walls. Our Chapels. This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 23:27. "The Princeton University Chapel". The only precedent for a university chapel of this size was King's College Chapel, and only a small part of that chapel was used regularly. When the College moved to Princeton in 1756, the chapel was located in what eventually became the Faculty Room in Nassau Hall. This arrangement lasted until 1847, when a separate building was constructed on the site of East Pyne. The chapel is occasionally a venue for Princeton University Concerts, when the music we present is uplifted … A devout Christian, Friend shared Hibben's goal of persuading Princeton students to choose lives of Christian observance and sought with the chapel's iconography, in Milliner's words, "to carefully dismantle materialist objections to Christian faith and to articulate Princeton's synthesis between Christian faith and modern thought. [80] In keeping with this tradition, the chapel hosts ecumenical Christian services each Sunday. Princeton University's Chapel is amazing! The chapel also hosts several annual special events. The current Dean of the Chapel is Alison Boden, who is also Dean of Religious Life at Princeton. Princeton University Chapel | Closed due to COVID-19 Princeton, New Jersey 08544 Tel: (609) 258-3047 | Fax: (609) 258-2686 [77] It is overseen by the Dean of the Chapel. "[79] Though the university was once closely associated with the Presbyterian Church, it has never been affiliated with any religious denomination. This chapel was destroyed by fire during house party weekend in 1920, and, for several years, worship services were held in Alexander Hall, the place where Professor Woodrow Wilson had delivered his address “Princeton in the Nation’s Service.”. The Chapel of St. Paul. Dear friends, the growing presence of COVID-19 in our communities has required many adaptations across Princeton's campus and around our country and world. The tympana above the north and south entrances depict the Annunciation and the Baptism of Christ, respectively. Included are details on upcoming lectures and speaking engagements, weekly chapel services, and other happenings. The Princeton University Chapel Choir rehearses, provides music for the weekly service, and performs occasional concerts in the chapel. It is a strikingly beautiful building with stained glass windows. Tel: (609) 258-3047  | Fax:  (609) 258-2686, © 2021 The Trustees of Princeton University, Today, enhanced by its elegant beauty and charm, the Chapel has been an attractive site for frequent weddings and memorial services for alumni, faculty, and many other friends of the University. [35], The exterior iconography includes two notable whimsical elements. Princeton University built the chapel to replace the Marquand Chapel, which stood between where the present chapel and McCosh Hall stand until it burned to the ground in 1920. [79] According to Milliner, Princeton's is the second-tallest by height of the nave at the crossing; the tallest is King's College Chapel at the University of Cambridge. Stillwell knew the building from its planning stages … Sound-absorbing tile is mounted on parts of the wall and vault. The campuses are situated about one hour from both New York City and Philadelphia. The chapel is beautiful and very large. [60] The Science window faces a window due to Willet on the north wall with scenes from Genesis, symbolizing harmony between the Christian story of the Creation and the modern means of understanding it.[2]. (2007). XII", "A Princeton Companion: Chapel, The University", "Keeping the faith: When Martin Luther King Jr. spoke in the Chapel 50 years ago", "Features: Chapel gets facelift and new dean", "Restoration secures chapel at Ivy League campus", "Making 10,000 miles of stained glass gleam", "Evergreen beauty of campus gardens thrives year round", "A Princeton Companion: Mather Sundial, The", "Some Architectural and Spiritual Aspects of the Chapel", "Interesting Details of the Chapel Stone Carving (photo caption)", "Letters to the editor: Tales of Orange Key", "Veterans Day event includes flag rededication", "Connick Windows in Princeton, New Jersey 2011", "A Princeton Companion: Stevenson, Adlai Ewing", "Westminster Choir College commencement information", "A Princeton Companion: Baccalaureate Address, The", "The Princeton University chapels: an architectural and religious history", The Aquinas Institute: Catholic Campus Ministry at Princeton University, official website, School of Engineering and Applied Science, School of Public and International Affairs, Julis-Rabinowitz Center for Public Policy and Finance, Liechtenstein Institute on Self-Determination, Princeton Institute for International and Regional Studies, 1869 New Jersey vs. Rutgers football game, Witherspoon Street School for Colored Children, Princeton International School of Mathematics and Science, Princeton Community Japanese Language School, National Register of Historic Places listings in Mercer County, New Jersey, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Princeton_University_Chapel&oldid=1001496449, University and college chapels in the United States, Historic district contributing properties in Mercer County, New Jersey, Short description is different from Wikidata, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Thomas Trotter gave the re-opening recital on the restored organ in 1992. Princeton University shield. List of 1 items. [8] Among those who contributed to the design of stained glass windows were Charles Connick, Henry Lee Willet (of the studio that would become Willet Hauser), and Philadelphia-based stained glass artist Nicola d'Ascenzo. In 2011, the main campus was named by Travel+Leisure as one of the most beautiful in the United States. [53][54] It was designed by Ernest M. Skinner and installed in 1928. Among the stained glass are four "great windows", one facing each cardinal direction, and four "Christian epic" windows in the walls of the choir. Honoring the alumni, student and members of the Princeton University faculty and staff whose deaths were recorded by the University during the previous calendar year, the Service of Remembrance was first held in 1919 in the University's Marquand Chapel before it burned down in 1920. …and University Chapel (1929) at Princeton University are among their finest achievements. [19][20], Following the restoration, the chapel was rededicated in an interfaith ceremony in which people belonging to Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, and Judaism gave prayers. [2], The chapel's iconography pays tribute in places to the other Abrahamic religions. Now with new color photos throughout, The Chapel of Princeton University traces the history of the chapel and describes its architecture, sculpture, woodwork, and furnishings. organ, which was completely renovated in 1991. [50] According to Stillwell, the woodwork "represents an outstanding example of American craftsmanship. In 1990 the organ was dismantled and shipped to England for a major restoration by Mander Organs. The Princeton University Chapel is located on that university's main campus in Princeton, New Jersey, United States.It replaces an older chapel that burned down in 1920. In this week’s installment of our ongoing series bringing you the history of Princeton University and its faculty, students, and alumni, the University Chapel is dedicated, a professor spirits a Chinese dissident to safety, and more. Its magnificent Mander-Skinner organ, which was completely renovated in 1991, provides excellent accompaniment for the superb sixty-voice choir and for other concerts and occasions, including the several ceremonial, non-denominational events that the University holds here each year. The epic windows reinforce the idea of a "Catholic north" and a "Protestant south": Catholics wrote the north epics and Protestants the south epics. The Deans are also joined by an array of nationally known guest preachers throughout the year and Princeton University students act as Chapel Deacons, assisting the Deans in leading the weekly worship. It is in the Chapel that the University comes together as a community. Now with new color photos throughout from photographer Noel Valero, "The Chapel of Princeton University" traces the history of the chapel and describes its architecture, sculpture, woodwork, and furnishings. [2] Connick designed the windows in consultation with Friend, but they were made by others after the former's death. [18] At the time, two experts working on the stained glass restoration called it the largest such project that had ever been undertaken in the United States; too large for a single studio, it was divided among studios in Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and New York. The belltower of the Basilica of the Sacred Heart at the University of Notre Dame, the tower of the Duke University Chapel, the tower of the University of Chicago's Rockefeller Chapel, and the campanile of Valparaiso University's Chapel of the Resurrection are all taller than Princeton's chapel, which does not have a tower or other appendages. [87], The Office of Religious Life calls the chapel the third-largest university chapel in the world. The doorway to the Blessed Sacrament Chapel on the north wall of the nave is topped by carvings of shields representing three Christian religious centers, Jerusalem, Rome, and Canterbury, and flanked by carvings representing the seven virtues and corresponding seven vices. [55][56], The chapel's iconography consists of over 10,000 square feet (930 m2) of stained glass[57] as well as stonework and wood carvings. History; Schedule; People; Listen; The Chapel; Auditions; Contact Us; The Princeton University Chapel is currently closed due to COVID-19. The word 'chapel' conjures up the image of a small space for quiet reflection and prayer. When the chapel was built, the rest of the structure above the grade level was masonry, and the only metal reinforcement was some structural steel in the framing of the roof. Princeton University Chapel Organ Specifications The Ernest M. Skinner Company, 1928; Æolian-Skinner, 1954-1956; N. P. Mander Ltd., 1991 137 Ranks 7897 Pipes [25], The foundation is made of poured concrete. Designed in 1921 by Ralph Adams Cram in his signature Collegiate Gothic style, it was built by the university between 1924 and 1928 at a cost of $2.3 million. Its size and design evoke a small cathedral of the English Middle Ages. The insurance money from the Marquand Chapel was insufficient, and fundraising for the chapel competed with an ongoing general capital campaign for the university. The main sanctuary consists of a narthex, a gallery, a nave, two transepts joined by a crossing, and an elevated choir. Cram sought to build a crown jewel for the Collegiate Gothic motif he had championed on the Princeton campus. Goodhue’s most arresting building is his… Designed in 1921 by Ralph Adams Cram in his signature Collegiate Gothic style, it was built by the university between 1924 and 1928 at a cost of $2.3 million. Princeton University built the chapel to replace the Marquand Chapel, which stood between where the present chapel and McCosh Hall stand until it burned to the ground in 1920. The Chapel of St. Paul, fondly known as the Old Chapel, is an 1858 English Gothic chapel (capacity 225) designed by George Snell of Boston. Read More List of 1 items. In reality, Ralph Adams Cram (supervising architect of Princeton University from 1907 to 1929) designed the Princeton University Chapel after a fire destroyed the original Marquand Chapel in … The model for the tympanum above the main, west entrance was designed and sculpted in clay by John Angel and stone carved by Edward Ardolino. The University also owns some property in West Windsor Township. [40] Another inscription, from Psalm 100, refers to Westminster Choir College, which holds its commencement ceremonies in the chapel. 2000s; 1900s; 1800s; 1700s; 1600s; 2018. The style conformed with the tudor Gothic that had been adopted for Blair Hall in 1897 as well as other buildings that were constructed during the succeeding several decades. The chapel seats almost 2,000 people. [2] The university's president, John Grier Hibben, also had a stake in the project: student hostility toward Princeton's brand of mainline Presbyterianism was on the rise. [7] The latter was sculpted by Robert Baker. While it is quiet, as it should be, it is anything but small. Henry Gurdon Marquand, a founder of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, was the principal donor for the Marquand Chapel, which was built in 1881. [6] Hibben led the dedication ceremony on May 31 of that year, in an elaborate ceremony covered by TIME.[12][13]. The north windows depict Biblical figures and scenes,[59] while the south windows contain images associated with human knowledge. The chapel's extensive iconography consists of stained glass, stonemasonry, and wood carvings. History One of the great religious edifices in the United States It is in the Chapel that the University comes together as a community. Milliner, Matthew J. An ordained minister, Hibben hoped the new chapel's majesty would inspire students to attend services of their own volition. "[6], The chapel is approximately the size of a small medieval English cathedral. [78], The Office of Religious Life calls the chapel "the home of regular religious services for many of the university's faith groups, including the 264-year-old ecumenical Christian worshiping community [...] that founded Princeton in 1746. Milliner ("The Princeton University Chapel", p. 5) writes that the space was once a broom closet. It had been used in a church near Avranches, France, for 200 years. However, by the end of the Civil War a new chapel was needed because the number of undergraduates had doubled. [6] Albert M. Friend, a faculty member in Princeton's Department of Art and Archaeology, played a central role in planning the iconography. Princeton Borough The massive Collegiate-Gothic chapel, one of the finest buildings on the Princeton campus, was completed in 1928. Of these, the woodwork `` represents an outstanding example of American craftsmanship Unitarianism, [ 7 ] which on! 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