florida history timeline

The newspaper articles premiered in January 2014. Timeline 1513 - Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon is the first European to visit Florida. The history of Florida can be traced to when the first Native Americans began to inhabit the peninsula as early as 14,000 years ago. At that time, St. Augustine was still a garrison community with fewer than five hundred houses, and Regular space shuttle flights resume in October for the first time An international team, using experimental technology, completes the world's deepest cave-diving expedition at Wakulla Springs in north Florida. Two settlers donated land on the north bank of Cowford to establish a “proper” town in 1822 and the site was renamed Jacksonville, in honor of the territory’s first provisional governor, Andrew Jackson, who never set foot in the town, but went on to become the seventh U.S. President. 1858 - The Seminole Wars killed many of the Indians and forced all but a few out of Florida. Space Shuttle Columbia destroyed upon reentry, all seven crewmembers killed; plane hijacked in Cuba landed in Key West; boiler on cruise ship exploded, killed four, injured 21; Orlando Seals won Atlantic Coast Hockey League President's Cup, Florida struck twice by hurricanes; after long delay the Discovery space shuttle launched, FBI arrested seven people in Miami who were planning to blow up Chicago's Sears Tower. Florida seceded from the Union and joined the Confederacy. after his election, a special convention drew up an ordinance that allowed Florida to secede from the Union on January 10, 1861. Some of these issues—such as proposals for oil drilling and massive vessel groundings—seem but a distant memory, while other challenges remain. Some refused to leave and fought for their lands. In northeastern Florida and nearby Georgia, they apparently invented pottery independently 1987 - Bob Martinez is the first person of Spanish ancestry to become governor of Florida. Emanuel Point Shipwreck, from the 1559 Luna expedition, discovered, Florida Heritage Education Program started, Florida Historic Marker Program re-authorized and enhanced, DeLand received Great American Main Street Award, Presidential election put world focus on Florida, Newnan's Lake Canoes (largest known collection of prehistoric canoes) discovered, Florida Public Archaeology Network created, Major hurricanes (Charley, Frances, Ivan, Jeanne, Dennis, Katrina, and Wilma) struck Florida, Mission San Luis received Presidential Award, Eight regional offices for Florida Public Archaeology Network (FPAN) established, Florida State Folklorist position re-established after being eliminated in 2009, Gulf Oil Spill further impacted state economy, End of the Space Shuttle Program at Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Community Planning Act shifts many review responsibilities of state projects to local governments, Ft. Pierce received Great American Main Street Award, Frank Lloyd Wright designed Florida Southern College Historic District designated as a National Historic Landmark. Genetic testing reveals that a Wauchula hospital a decade ago accidentally switched He was searching for the legendary Fountain of Youth. 1864 - Although most of Florida's coast was captured, Confederate troops won the Battle of Olustee in 1864 and protected Tallahassee and drained and the growing tourist industry attracted people from all over the world. A bill raising the African American slaves making up almost one-half of the population. The Miami Metro Rail, to become the fourth most populous state in the nation. After seven and one-half years and nearly 260,000 refugees, the "freedom flights" from Cuba come to an end on April 7th. They established St. Augustine, the first permanent European settlement. All documents are from the collections of the State Library and Archives of Florida. After 1,500 BC they also built burial mounds. On July 16 Apollo 11 lifts off from Cape Kennedy to carry the Historic Timeline. 1950 - Cape Canaveral became a space and rocket center. The state received its name from that conquistador, who called the peninsula La Pascua Florida in recognition of the verdant landscape and because it was the Easter season, which the Spaniar… The Republicans governor, and David Levy Yulee, one of Florida's leading proponents for statehood, became a US Senator. of Engineers recommends against resumption of construction on Cross Florida Barge Canal. Mound building, as at Crystal River Indian Mounds in Citrus Co. Beginning of tribes and chiefdoms eventually met by the Spaniards: Timucuans, Apalachee, Calusa, Tequesta, Juan Ponce de Leon landed north of Cape Canaveral and named Florida, Panfilo de Narvaez visited Tampa and Tallahassee areas, Hernando de Soto landed in Tampa Bay area and wintered in Tallahassee while on trek throughout the Southeast, Tristan de Luna established a colony on the shores of Pensacola Bay, abandoned two years later, Jean Ribault searched for a site for a French Huguenot colony near mouth of St.Johns River, Laudonniere returned to mouth of St. Johns to establish a French colony and built Fort Caroline, where first recorded birth of a white child in North America took place, Pedro Menendez established St. Augustine, the first permanent settlement by Europeans in North America, First citrus groves in Florida planted in St. Augustine, Sir Francis Drake sacked and burned St. Augustine, Franciscan missionaries active near St. Augustine, Mission chain started along coast and across peninsula toward the Apalachee, Missions extended to the Apalachicola River, British raided Spanish settlements and destroy missions, Spanish Plate Fleet wrecked off southeast Florida coast, Spanish Plate Fleet wrecked off Florida Keys, Fort Mose established, first legally sanctioned free black community in what is now the United States, British invaded Florida, native populations diminished, Treaty of Paris ended French and Indian War, Spain cedeed Florida to Britain, British sugar, citrus, rice, and indigo plantations established, Turnbull Colony at New Smyrna established, but abandoned in 1777, Creeks from Georgia and Alabama, later called Seminoles, entered Florida, Naturalist William Bartram described archaeological sites like Mt. 1498; 1600; 1700; 1800; 1900; 1950; 2000 (Items in orange indicate events in Florida's historic preservation history.) in honor of the late president. Florida Timeline History: Timucua Indians at a column erected by the French in 1562 Home USA States Florida Timeline History. Jun 29 1821 - Andrew Jackson returned to Florida in 1821 to establish a new territorial government on behalf of the United States. Our roots trace back to 1951 when Fred Hervey purchased three Kay’s Food Stores in El Paso, Texas. Owners/players contract dispute delays spring training baseball season. Sir Francis Drake For Students 5th - 6th. Governor Askew a record high of $3,727,380. Capt. Hurricanes swept through the state destroying property and killing hundreds Cuban-born, joined lleana Ros-Lehtinen, the first Cuban, elected to the Florida House in 1982, the Florida Senate in 1986, and the US House in 1989. Florida Memory digitizes materials that illuminate the state's history and culture. Plantations had become important economic centers along the St. Johns River. The first US launch of two-man spacecraft with Majors Edward H. White and James McDivitt orbits the earth The Mariel boatlift brings 140,000 Cubans to Florida. the Indians developed more complex economic and social organization. 1861-1865-- It's official: Florida becomes a non-state when it secedes from the Union. Twenty-two The grand opening of the Museum of Botany and Fine Arts at Tropical storm Agnes roars out of the south Atlantic to cause heavy damage along the eastern seaboard northward from Miami. 1763 - Britain gained control of Florida in The history of Florida during this period is one of territorial gain and loss until 1821, when Spain ceded Florida to the United States of America. Paula Hawkins becomes the The timeline below shows how this all began in Florida and how the situation has changed since then. Shortly imagination, revitalizing interest and tourism for South Florida. A Timeline of Florida History is a colorful visual for students to understand the major events in Florida history. Spain evacuated Florida after the Help your learners prep for an exam testing content knowledge related to Florida's State History. He called the peninsula Florida after the Spanish feast of flowers. Apollo 15 astronauts explore the Moon for three days in a record-breaking 1868 - Florida was readmitted to the Union with a new state constitution guaranteeing civil rights and giving blacks the right to vote. was a wilderness sparsely dotted with settlements of native Indian people, African Americans, and Spaniards. appoints Joseph W. Hatchett to the Supreme Court, the first black justice in the court's history. who had served in the military remained in Florida. billions in aid. He explored central and northern Florida on his way to the Mississippi River. Florida Timeline 1500 -There were three large Native American cultures in Florida, the Timicua in Northeast and Central Florida, the Apalachee in the Big Bend area, and the Calusa in South Florida. ), Florida's Comprehensive Historic Preservation Plan 2012–2016, Preserving Florida's Heritage—More Than Orange Marmalade, Overview of Florida's Pre-History & History, Goals, Objectives, and Suggested Strategies. babies belonging to Sarasota and Pennsylvania couples, setting off a legal battle. 1966 - The $700 million Walt Disney World, to be built in the Orlando area is announced. Treasure hunter Mel Fisher continues to salvage vast amounts of gold and silver from his discovery of the Spanish galleon 211. The $800 million EPCOT Center opens at Walt Disney World. Despite fuel shortages in the latter part of the year, Florida sets an all-time record for influx of visitors, when 25.5 million people visit Florida History. woman to so serve in US history. All titles are available at the State Library of Florida. Get Free Access See Review. State gasoline prices in September soar to seven-year high. Just print and cut! 1982 - The Florida Legislature completes a difficult reapportionment after an extended session. 1861-1865 - Conflict over states rights led to the Civil War (1861-1865). The television series "Miami Vice"continues to capture the nation's Republicans capture 20 of 48 Senate seats and 39 of 119 House seats. South of Tampa Bay and Cape Canaveral, Indians lived mostly along the coast and relied heavily In May Legislature approves $29.3 billion state budget, including $164 million in new taxes. It changes, grows, becomes richer, and more complex when any individual Florida entered the Union as a slave state and to balance the states, Iowa entered as a free state. Most of the articles were written a long time ago. 1513 - In 1513, Spaniard Juan Ponce de Leon became the European to explore Florida. It The Legislature creates an ethics commission 1963 - President Lyndon Johnson changes the name Cape Canaveral to Cape Kennedy and renames the installation the John F. Kennedy Space Center flight of 12 days originating from Kennedy Space Center. Although the first evidence of farming dates from about 500 bce, some southern groups remained hunters, fishers, and gatherers until their extinction. 21 for suborbital flights down the Atlantic Missile Range. lost their jobs. Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf. 1993 - Janet Reno, State Attorney for Dade County (Miami) for 15 years named Attorney General of the US by President Bill Clinton, the first a land near the Bahamas with water of eternal youth. Railroads expanded to Key West in 1912, opening new land for development. people later would be called the First Seminole War. Steamboat navigation was well established on the Apalachicola and St. Johns Rivers, Archaeologists uncovered the first evidence of De Soto's 1539 winter encampment in Tallahassee. 1912 - Florida grew immensely during the early 1900s. Florida, which joined the union as the 27th state in 1845, is nicknamed the Sunshine State and known for its balmy climate and natural beauty. Among Afro-Americans elected to Congress was Carrie Meek of Miami. Joe Robbie, Miami Dolphins founder, dies - Thousands of Cubans fled Cuba and settled in Florida. Two Republicans capture posts in the Florida Cabinet in the general election. Two well-preserved, intact human brains are discovered by Glenn Doran, archaeologist at Florida State University when he uncovered the 7,000-plus-year-old St. Petersburg's Suncoast Dome opens in March. There were 58 deaths directly or indirectly related to Andrew. losses. Survivors of his expedition eventually reached Mexico. After the war ended, Florida was placed under military control. million. A brief history and bibliography of Florida from the Stone Age to the Space Age. We explore the relevance of Florida history to contemporary society and promote awareness of heritage and culture tourism options in the state. organized around village life was typical by this time. Citrus groves expanded throughout northern and south-central parts Royal, Florida colonies remained loyal to Britain during the American Revolution, Florida returned to Spain, in exchange for Bahamas and Gibraltar, Border disputes between Spain and United States, British occupied Pensacola, but were driven out by Andrew Jackson in 1813, United States acquired Florida from Spain by treaty, Tallahassee established as territorial capital, Florida's first railroads began operation, Second Seminole War, first reservations established, Third Seminole War ceased, ending Wars of Indian Removal east of the Mississippi River, Civil War, Florida was part of the Confederacy, Battle of Olustee fought in 1864, Jeffries Wyman determined archaeological shell heaps were made by humans, Development of new industries: railroads, citrus, phosphate, timber, truck farming, and tourism, Eatonville, oldest intact incorporated black community in the United States, established, Clarence Moore excavated archaeological sites throughout Florida, Freezes destroyed citrus crops, and citrus cultivation moves south, Frank Cushing discovered Key Marco Site in Collier County, Spanish-American War; Florida was major embarkation point, Greek immigrants arrived and settled mostly in Tarpon Springs, Great Fire destroyed downtown Jacksonville, Construction of Henry Flagler's Overseas Railroad to Key West, First regularly scheduled commercial airline between two U.S. cities, St. Petersburg and Tampa, established, World War I, Florida was site for military training and shipbuilding, First international flight, Key West to Havana, Castillo de San Marcos was designated a National Memorial, First international air mail service, Pan American flights from Key West to Havana, Cuba, Tamiami Trail, from Miami to the Gulf Coast, officially opened, Eastern Airlines started Miami to New York service, Amelia Earhart took off from Miami on fatal round-the-world flight, World War II, Florida again was a major site for military training and shipbuilding, First American rocket launch from Cape Canaveral, School desegregation and civil rights tensions, Free World's first earth satellite, Explorer I, launched from Cape Canaveral, First American manned space travel, from Cape Canaveral, National Historic Preservation Act passed, First State Historic Preservation Officer appointed, First Florida properties listed in the National Register of Historic Places, The Florida Historic Resources Act passed, Florida Department of State given historic preservation responsibilities, Apollo 11, launched from Kennedy Space Center, landed first men on the moon, Research and Conservation Laboratory for artifacts established, Museum of Florida History opened in the R.A. Gray Building, Tallahassee, Florida Trust for Historic Preservation founded, Florida's first project under Federal Tax Credit Program completed, Conservation and Recreation Lands FCT Fund (CARL) established, Third wave of Cuban immigrants, the "Mariel Boatlift," brought 120,000 Cubans to Key West, Rehabilitation of Art Deco hotels in Miami Beach began, The first space shuttle, Columbia, launched from Kennedy Space Center, Political unrest in Central and South America and the Caribbean leads to major influx of immigrants to South Florida, Five-year restoration of the Old Capitol to its 1902 appearance completed, Florida Folklife Apprenticeship Program started, State Historic Preservation Grants-In-Aid Program started, evolves into nation's largest program in 1990s, Local Government Comprehensive Planning and Growth Management Act requires local plans, including identification and preservation of historic resources, Florida Folk Heritage Awards Program established, Miami became Florida's first Certified Local Government, Florida Historical Resources Act created Division of Historical Resources, Florida Underwater Preserve program established. 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