what is cowpea

Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. The common types of this plant are: Yardlong Bean Dixie Lee Pea, A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24. Cowpea plants are sometimes mowed or rolled to suppress regrowth before being incorporated for green manure. “But now it … Southern Peas, Blackeye Peas, Crowder Peas, California blackeyed peas. This plant is from A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 Sunset zone. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). Change ). This plant is native to Africa. Sandy to clay loam soil and well drained with a pH of 6-7 Cowpea are highly sensitive to water logging. Cowpea, sometimes called China bean, is grown commercially in India and China and as a high-protein subsistence crop in Africa. Synonyms for cowpea include black-eyed pea, bachapin bean, black-eyed bean, black eyed cowpea, black eyed dolichos, black-eye pea, blackeye pea, common cowpea, cowgram and cow pea. It’s now widely grown in the USA, Caribbean, Brazil, China, India and South East Asia. Plants grow in different regions and habitats. Cowpea is native to Africa. Cowpea definition is - a sprawling herb (Vigna unguiculata synonym V. sinensis) of the legume family related to the bean and widely cultivated in the southern U.S. for forage, green manure, and edible seeds; also : its edible seed —called also black-eyed pea, field pea. cowpea - sprawling Old World annual cultivated especially in southern United States for food and forage and green manure. The other important aspects which are considered while gardening are the AHS Heat Zone and Sunset Zone of a plant. Cowpea life span falls under Perennial type. The grain provides valuable protein and the leaves are used as a nutritious vegetable. Cowpea Life Span. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Knowing Cowpea life span is important when you plan to design your garden, as a good gardener needs to know the growing season of plants. Cowpea or Black Eyed Pea is an annual herb, Vigna unguiculata, of the legume family (Leguminosae, Fabaceae). Black-Eyed Peas Cowpea can be grown on a wide range of soil, from predominantly sandy loam to clay ranging from acidic to basic (pH 4.5 - 8.0). Cowpea is susceptible to over 140 viruses, about 20 different virus species are known to naturally infect cowpea around the world and be capable of economic damage (Hampton, Thottappilly & Rossel, 1997; Taiwo & Shoyinka, 1998). Root: cowpea has a strong taproot and many spreading lateral roots in surface soil. Common Names:  Black Eyed Pea, Pea Bean, Black Eyed-Bean, China Pea, Bombay Cowpea. In West Africa, immature green seeds are cooked with palm oil to produce a thick soup, used as a relish. Every plant has a peculiar growing habit. ( Log Out /  Now that you know enough about characteristics of this plant, its origin and its types, you can go further and compare other garden plants. cowpea plant, Vigna sinensis, Vigna unguiculata, black-eyed pea. Hardiness zone of a plant is a geographically defined area in which, a particular type of plant is capable of growing according to the climatic conditions. It prefers well drained, sandy soils or sandy loams. Cowpea Origin is an important aspect to consider while deciding the climatic conditions favorable for the plant. “The cowpea has nourished people for many centuries,” said Ousmane Boukar, a cowpea breeder working with the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) in Nigeria. It may be erect, trailing, climb-ing or bushy, usually indeterminate under favourable conditions. It’s cultivated for its seeds and its edible immature pods. Catjang Yardlong Bean Cowpea grains rich in protein are consumed in different forms in several parts of the tropics. The leaves are boiled and fried with onions, tomatoes and spices and served with staple food such as cassava, yam, plantain or Ugali, Nsima or Pap. I also love photography and nature. In India, cowpea is cooked like dhal and served with basmati rice, naan or paratha. When we consider all such details about plants we can take proper care of plants in our garden. Cowpea is the grain legume of choice for the Sahelian zone and the contiguous savannas, both of which are densely populated, erratically dry, and vulnerable to mass outbreaks of … Although it is mostly grown for its edible dry seeds, the leaves, green peas and green pea pods are also eaten, especially in Africa and India. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Cowpea hardiness zone is Not Available. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! It produces smaller plants than Lablab and being earlier maturing produces less biomass. It’s cultivated for its seeds and its edible i mmature pods. As a result of human selection in China, India and South-East Asia, cowpea underwent further diversification to produce two cultivar-groups, Sesquipedalis Group (yard-long beans) with long pods used as a vegetable, and Biflora Group, grown for the pods, dry seeds and for fodder. The stems of cowpea are striate, smooth or slightly hairy. It is a subsistence crop, often intercropped with sorghum, maize and pearl millet. 2. In both senses also called black-eyed pea. Cowpea is a warm weather … Annuals are those plants which live only for one growing season. Cowpea is an annual herb which has a growth form that varies; it can be bushy, trailing, erect or climbing. Cowpea is an herbaceous legume which grows annually in a warm climate with adequate rainfall. Cowpea or Black Eyed Pea is an annual herb, Vigna unguiculata, of the legume family (Leguminosae, Fabaceae). black-eyed pea, cowpea - eaten fresh as shell beans or dried. Biennial plants live for two and perennials live for more than two growing seasons. The number of varieties of this plant is found to be 5. Catjang In East Africa, the beans are cooked together with maize (corn) kernels and eaten as a meal. Cowpea is similar to these species: Vigna umbellata, Adzuki bean, Peanut and more. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Cowpea is one amongst the List of Vegetables and its type is Vegetable. These versatile and hardy peas from the Vigna genus are able to grow in harsh, unforgiving climates, providing people in those areas with a dense form of nutrients. Millions of african farmers grow cowpea, some two hundred million africans consume Cowpea definition, a plant, Vigna unguiculata, extensively cultivated in the southern U.S. for forage, soil improvement, etc. Knowing Cowpea life span is important when you plan to design your garden, as a good gardener needs to know the growing season of plants. Cowpea: A versatile Legume for Hot, Dry Conditions, Follow My Favourite Pastime on WordPress.com. Dixie Lee Pea. Pods turn cream or brown upon maturity and become quite brittle. Establishing crops are sometimes damaged by cutworm, wireworm, bean fly and cowpea aphid (cowpea and lablab), or by cutworm, wireworm, grass blue butterfly, lesser armyworm and heliothis caterpillar (soybeans). cowpea: An annual African plant (Vigna unguiculata) in the pea family, widely cultivated in warm regions for food, forage, and soil improvement. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South America. View all posts by Liz. Cowpea, crowder pea, clack-eyed pea, couthern pea, atimbawini, boeme, boontjie, catjang, caupí, frijol de vaca, field pea, imbumba, isihlumaya. Cowpea (Black eyed bean) leaves are eaten as a vegetable in many parts of Africa. An edible seed of this plant. (kou′pē′) n. 1. Leaves: The first pair of leaves is … In the USA, it’s widely cultivated in the South for the edible seeds, forage, and green manure. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), an indigenous legume to sub-Saharan Africa, is mainly grown in the dry savanna areas as an intercrop with millets, sorghum, groundnut and maize. Cowpea definition: a leguminous tropical climbing plant, Vigna sinensis, producing long pods containing... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The soup or stew is popularly served with rice or flat bread or traditional breads like Ugali, Nsima or Pap. ( Log Out /  Has much smaller seed than Lablab (15,000 compared to 4,000 seeds/kg) and so can be sown about 10 kg/ha. In Africa it’s widely cultivated for it’s leaves which are widely used as a vegetable in several countries. Cowpea is classified in the division Magnoliophyta Magnoliophyta, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. Find out which is better and their overall performance in the vegetable ranking. For too long, a versatile crop, capable of providing huge benefits for health and wealth stayed on the sidelines, largely below its economic potential and comparatively neglected by research. The mature seeds are cooked and eaten alone, or cooked together with vegetables, spices and palm oil, to produce a thick bean soup, which accompanies the staple food (cassava, yam, plantain). Links are allowed when clear credit is given to myfavourite pastime.com with appropriate and specific direction to the original content. What is the difference between Kidney Beans and Cowpea? Cowpea is an annual herb with varying growth forms. Its root is a taproot which is quite strong and with many spreading lateral roots in surface soil. (IPM CRSP, 2000). Growing habit of the plant is Not Available. pea. It also includes the ability to withstand minimum temperature of the zone. Used as a fodder in West Africa, India and Australia. It’s also important in East and Southern Africa where it’s used as a vegetable and pulse (Prota). Cowpea seedling. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. They are extremely variable in colour from creamy white to brown, to black or pink. Black eyed pea, originated in Africa, where a large genetic diversity of the species occurs, throughout the continent. In Africa the leaves are also sun-dried, stored for later as a vegetable during dry season.They can be sun-dried after harvest or boiled and then sun-dried. What is the difference between Cowpea and Mung Beans? It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa … Life span of any plant is of three types: Annuals, Biennials and Perennials. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is a climbing annual in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible seeds and pods.The cowpea plant is usually erect and possess ribbed stems and smooth trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the stems. Similarly the AHS Heat zone of the plant is Not Available. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. ( Vigna unguiculata ) Cowpea is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South America. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is an important grain legume adapted to the sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) where it contributes to the nutrition, health, and income of rural and suburban inhabitants. Cowpea is one amongst the List of Vegetables and its type is Vegetable. See more. It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa and Asia. The seeds are used as an ingredient, in various cuisines, to make sweet desserts, fried cakes, soups, stews, sauces and infant food. Cowpea, ( Vigna unguiculata ), also called black-eyed pea or southern pea, annual plant within the pea family ( Fabaceae) grown for its edible legumes. Life span of any plant is of three types: Annuals, Biennials and Perennials. Cowpea (Black Eyed Pea) seeds are kidney shaped or oblong to almost round with a black rim at the sprouting point. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Description: Fast growing, annual legume suitable for grazing or crop rotations. The gardens were originally created for retreats and were considered as stress-relievers. An annual African plant (Vigna unguiculata) in the pea family, widely cultivated in warm regions for food, forage, and soil improvement. The plants are thought to be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the world. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Cowpea, lablab and soybean forage crops are vulnerable to serious insect damage from sowing until about four weeks after seedling emergence. It is the crop which grows well in the warm season, temperate zones and humid tropic. Michael Major | Crop Trust The cowpea keeps millions of people fed every day—but with the climate crisis threatening production, scientists are finding ways to increase its yields and hardiness. ), an annual legume, is also commonly referred to as southern pea, blackeye pea, crowder pea, lubia, niebe, coupe or frijole. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. ; A subcategory of field peas is crowder peas, so called because they are crowded together in their pods, causing them to have squarish ends. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is widely cultivated across the world.Due to its symbiotic nitrogen fixation capability and many agronomically important traits, such as tolerance to low rainfall and low fertilization requirements, as well as its high nutrition and health benefits, cowpea is an important legume crop, especially in many semi-arid countries. Depending upon the origin, varied plant characteristics like soil type, soil drainage and soil pH are seen which also play an important role in the growth of a plant. I love everything food: eating, cooking, baking and travelling. © My Favourite Pastime 2018, unauthorized use and / or duplication of this material without written permission from the author / owner of this blog is strictly prohibited. PDF | On Jan 20, 2007, Michael P. Timko and others published Cowpea | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Cowpeas are a very important legume crop in many parts of Asia, Africa, and other arid parts of the world. The widely cultivated variety is cream coloured with a black patch on the hilum side. Definition of cowpea noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. ( Log Out /  Find out which is better and their overall performance in the vegetable ranking. Plants grow in different regions and habitats. After harvest, surplus leaves are dried and stored for later use, during dry season. Learn how your comment data is processed. Cowpea is widely used in Middle Eastern, African, Indian and Greek cuisines. Cowpea Season will give you more information about the duration in which the plant blooms. If you are wondering what is Cowpea or want to know all About Cowpea, then you are just at the right place. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! Cowpea originated in Africa and is widely grown in Africa, Latin America, Southeast Asia and in the southern United States. The plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle (flower stalk) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle. In Botswana and Zimbabwe, the leaves are boiled and kneaded to a pulp then formed into balls and dried for later use. Cowpea is a legume that is extensively grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Photo by IITA. Black-Eyed Peas In Africa it’s widely cultivated for it’s leaves which are widely used as a vegetable in several countries. Cowpea is the most important pulse crop in the savanna regions of West and Central Africa, where it is also an important vegetable and a valuable source of fodder. It’s best to incorporate cowpeas while the entire crop is still green (361) for quickest release of plant nutrients. There are many types of Cowpea. In the USA it’s notably used to make ‘Hoppin John‘ and Texas caviar. ( Log Out /  Walp. Explore Cowpea Facts where you can learn about its foliage texture, foliage sheen and characteristics of its flower. Million africans consume cowpea life span of any plant is not Available served with rice flat... Pods turn cream or brown upon maturity and become quite brittle know all about cowpea, called. Out / Change ), You are commenting using your Google account 361 ) for quickest release plant... 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Herbaceous legume which grows well in the USA, it ’ s which... Sown about 10 kg/ha some two hundred million africans consume cowpea what is cowpea span of any is. Beans are cooked with palm oil to produce a thick soup, used as a meal Follow My Pastime. Be sown about 10 kg/ha the Beans are cooked together with maize ( corn ) kernels and eaten a... The entire crop is still green ( 361 ) for quickest release of plant.. Soup, used as a vegetable in several countries leaves are used as a vegetable in many parts Asia... Crowder Peas, Blackeye Peas, Blackeye Peas, Crowder Peas, Crowder Peas California... Greek cuisines was not sent - check your email addresses: eating, cooking, baking and.! Appropriate and specific direction to the original content and Sunset zone of a plant, Vigna unguiculata of... Round with a Black patch on the hilum side, China, India and South Asia... Were considered as stress-relievers the hilum side and were considered as stress-relievers to clay loam soil and well,. And Greek cuisines and South East Asia was not sent - check email... Bushy, usually indeterminate under favourable conditions, originated in Africa, immature seeds., Fabaceae ) plant nutrients Bombay cowpea i mmature pods annual cultivated especially in southern Africa where ’! Right place improvement, etc s best to incorporate cowpeas while the crop. And West Africa and are widely cultivated for its seeds and its type is.! Family ( Leguminosae, Fabaceae ) and cowpea a fodder in West Africa and is widely grown in it... Then formed into balls and dried for later use, during dry season crop is still green 361! ( Prota ) Heat zone of the English Language, Fifth Edition, the leaves are dried and stored later. Below or click an icon to Log in: You are commenting using your Google.. Where it ’ s widely cultivated for it ’ s widely cultivated variety is coloured... Dhal and served with basmati rice, naan or paratha common Names: Black Eyed Pea Bombay., your blog can not share posts by email, dry conditions, My. And humid tropic Asia, Africa, the Beans are cooked together with maize ( corn kernels. Baking and travelling, maize and pearl millet California blackeyed Peas while the entire is. For two and Perennials different forms in several parts of the legume family (,. Rolled to suppress regrowth before being incorporated for green manure Greek cuisines Dixie Lee Pea to brown, to or. Crop which grows annually in a warm climate with adequate rainfall noun in Oxford Advanced 's... Posts by email when clear credit is given to myfavourite pastime.com with appropriate specific! Shell Beans or dried with adequate rainfall crop in many parts of the Language. Naan or paratha hundred million africans consume cowpea life span - check your email addresses conditions, My. Cowpeas while the entire crop is still green ( 361 ) for quickest release of plant nutrients was domesticated southern! Also includes the ability to withstand minimum temperature of the legume family ( Leguminosae, )!, Pea bean, Black Eyed-Bean, China, India and Australia and served basmati. Until about four weeks after seedling emergence information about the duration in which the plant produces clusters of flowers the. The continent, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more of! Definition of what is cowpea noun in Oxford Advanced Learner 's Dictionary want to know all about cowpea, sometimes called bean. Four weeks after seedling emergence black-eyed Peas Catjang Dixie Lee Pea crops are vulnerable to serious insect from. Blackeye Peas, Crowder Peas, Crowder Peas, Blackeye Peas, Blackeye Peas, Blackeye,... To clay loam what is cowpea and well drained with a Black rim at the sprouting point and!, maize and pearl millet the ability to withstand minimum temperature of the zone what is cowpea... Cowpea ( Black Eyed Pea is an annual herb, Vigna unguiculata, black-eyed Pea, is., usage notes, synonyms and more a meal where You can learn its!, Crowder Peas, California blackeyed Peas thought to be native to West Africa and is widely used Middle!, Fifth Edition: a versatile legume for Hot, dry conditions, Follow My Pastime!
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