First, the act or omission must constitute a breach of an international obligation, or, as the articles put it, must be “not in conformity with what is required” by the international obligation . Without sovereignty no state can exit. This implies that the obligation in question must be binding on the State … All the persons, citizens as well as aliens, who are living in the territory of the State are duty bound to obey the state laws and policies. India has an area of 32,87,263 sq. THE ELEMENTS OF STATE Prof. Elliott “territorial sovereignty or the Superiority of state overall within its boundaries and complete freedom from external control has been a fundamental principle of the modern state life”. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. Two conclusions flow from the discussion on the meaning and nature of the state: (I) that the State is a human institution the product of man’s gregarious nature and the result of necessities of human life, and (2) population and land are the starting point of any study of man in his organized groups. According to Garner, government is the agency through which “common policies are determined and by which common affairs are regulated.” The state wills and acts through the government. They lauded Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping’s decision in the late 1970s to introduce capitalist elements into the PRC’s state-controlled economy, which — over time and with assistance from the United States and other advanced industrial nations — spurred rapid modernization and generated double-digit economic growth. Government consists of three organs, namely, legislature, executive and judiciary. It is the characteristic which distinguishes the state from all other associations. For example Anadaman & Nicobar and Daman and Diu are parts of India. It is the concrete and visible instrument of state power. State voluntarily accepts rules of international law. The ancient Greek writers like Plato and Aristotle favoured a small population. But how many people should constitute the […] In modern times states vary greatly from the few thousands of Monaco or of San Marino to the crores of China or of India. The starting point of the articles is that “every internationally wrongful act of a State entails the international responsibility of that State”  . 2. The state serves this need, by protecting s the society from internal and external dangers. Key Terms. Government as a whole is the instrument through which the sovereign power of the State gets used. A definite and more or less permanent territory is also regarded as an essential element of the state. (7) State conducts foreign relations, foreign trade and economic relations. Sovereignty belongs to India. Seeing chemical elements arranged in the modern periodic table is as familiar as seeing a map of the world, but it was not always so obvious. That is why sovereignty is accepted as the exclusive property and hallmark of the State. Elements of the State . Elements of State: A State stands identified with its four absolutely essential elements: 1. Many developing countries including India have democratic governments. Plagiarism Prevention 4. In actual practice no state is able to exercise unlimited power either over individuals and associations within its territorial domain or in its international relations. Population can be more or less but it has to be there. It means the power of the State to order and regulate the activities of all the people, groups and institutions which are at work within its territory. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity. The first two elements constitute the physical or material basis of the state while the last two form its political and spiritual basis. Copyright. However it must be clearly noted that government is just one element of the State. These are the four essential elements of a State. This includes the land, bodies of water, atmosphere and natural resources. A state is a polity under a system of governance.Currently, there is no undisputed definition of a state among scientists or researchers. A State stands identified with its four absolutely essential elements: State is a community of persons. Elements of State: Weber in his Economy and Society and also in other works pointed out certain elements of state. A PERMANENT POPULATION A state is an organization of human beings living together a… The state is a natural institution. Aristotle said man is a social animal and by nature he is a political being. When citizens of another State are living in the territory of the State, they are called aliens. M In each society the people need the state because provides currency and coinage for the conduct of economic business and trade relations. In a Parliamentary form of government, like the one which is working in India and Britain, the legislature and executive are closely related and the latter is collectively responsible before the former. Territory - includes the land, the rivers, the sea, and the air space which the jurisdiction of the sate extends. Small states are under the influence of one or the other large and powerful state. Land, water and air space comprise the territory of a state. These are: (1) population, (2) territory, (3) government, (4) sovereignty (or independence). Further, it must be noted that the territory of the state includes not only the land but also, rivers, lakes, canals inland seas if any, a portion of coastal sea—territorial waters or maritime belt, continental shelf, mountains, hills and all other land features along with the air space above the territory. The presence of all these four elements alone vests a State with real statehood. The relationship between the Legislature and Executive is defined by law and it corresponds to the adopted form of government. We can define external sovereignty of the State as its sovereign equality with every other state. It is said in favour of large states that they are strong in defense and because of availability of resources they are economically self-sufficient. It has to be within a reasonable limit. But population must be large enough to make a State and sustain it. (8) State secures the goals of national interest in international relations. (6) State grants citizenship and protects their interests and rights. 12 hours ago Delete Reply Block. In modern times, the citizens are bound together by residence on a common territory. Even a States can lease out its territory to another State e.g. However along-with it some selfishness is also a part of his being. The state as a person of international law should possess the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population (people); (b) a defined territory; (c) government (political authority); and (d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states (diplomat recognition or sovereignty). A State comes to be a state only when it has all these elements. The word State is often confused with government. Some other factors in this regard are geographical location, resources and climate. Internally viewed, the state has supreme power over all individuals and associations within its fixed area. The creator of the periodic table, Dmitri Mendeleev , in 1869 began collecting and sorting known properties of elements, like … Government - the agency through which the will of the state is formulated, expressed and carried out. According to Plato, an ideal state should have a population of 5040. India has a very large and fast growing population and there is every need to check population growth. 6 Comments 41 Likes Statistics Notes Full Name. What are the differences between State and Society. But there is no agreement an how many countries would have to recognise a new state so that the latter gains statehood in the eyes of international law. State is needed for getting protection and security against external aggressions, wars and internal disturbances and disorders. State power is not restricted to the national level. Aristotle laid down a general principle that the population of a state should be large enough to make it sufficient and small enough to make good government possible. Whatever may be the form of government, one thing is clear – there can be no state without government. Sovereignty belongs to the State; the government only uses it on behalf of the State. These cannot be forced upon the State. The Elements of AI is a series of free online courses created by Reaktor and the University of Helsinki. It is only a regional association of sovereign states of South Asia. The m… A state, to declare itself sovereign, must be internally supreme and free from any external control. The act or omission of a State will qualify as an “internationally wrongful act” if two conditions are met. Four Elements or Characteristics of the State are as folllows: 1. Territory (Physical basis of the State), 3. Population is essential for the state. 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